Reducing the Stigma and Increasing Knowledge about the Health Needs of Transgender Women: A Pilot Intervention for Medical Students in Puerto Rico

  • Jeffrey Ramos, B.A. Ponce Health Sciences University
  • Nelson Varas Díaz, Ph.D. Florida International University
  • Alondra Flores, B.A. Ponce Health Sciences University
  • Alixida G. Ramos-Pibernus, Ph.D. Ponce Health Sciences University
  • Eliut R. Rivera-Segarra, Ph.D. Ponce Health Sciences University
  • Sheilla L. Rodríguez-Madera, Ph.D. Florida International University
Keywords: transgender women, stigma, medical students, pilot intervention

Abstract

Studies have documented high levels of stigma and negative attitudes towards transgender people among healthcare professionals, which interferes in the process of service provision. The objective of this study was to develop and implement a pilot intervention to reduce stigma and increase knowledge about the health needs of trans women. A quantitative study was held with a sample of 22 medical students of Puerto Rico (PR) between the ages of 21-35. The results suggest that the intervention had an effect in the intention to offer healthcare services to trans women and the levels of knowledge of the participants. However, stigma reduction was not statistically significant. There was high acceptance of the pilot intervention which lead to the possibility of intervening directly with medical student in early stages of their medical training. Our work According to current knowledge, this is the first scientific effort to develop an intervention to reduce stigma and increase knowledge about the health needs of trans people among medical students in PR.

Published
2019-10-16